Augmented Reality: Dream App or Disaster for Cities?

FrewenWuellner AR.ppt
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Today I had the pleasure of speaking to Be2Camp Working Buildings in London, courtesy of Martin Brown @fairsnape, an inspiring green building expert. Here’s a recap of my session Dream App or Disaster for Cities?? Here is my slide show; its also on slideshare. http://bit.ly/1OARTB

Augmented reality (AR) will change the way that people use cities, and consequently the way that we build cities and buildings.

Vernor Vinge in Rainbows End explored 2025 San Diego where architecture became primitive Quonset huts that were experienced through AR as elaborate neo-classical monuments. An extreme outcome, no doubt some buildings may be stripped of quality materials, replaced by digitized imagery. Uses of AR in buildings and cities are emerging; its time for building pros to get immersed in the conversation.

While AR can be defined narrowly as layers of information over the real world, that view is from the information technology perspective. Building professionals can better use AR if we see it as the link between objects and people, a way of “enlivening” buildings and cities. In effect, AR gives buildings a voice. Furthermore, we extend ourselves into the environment with AR. (see McCullough diagram, Slide 38).

In short, AR wakes up buildings to everyone in the way that they have always been in the foreground for AEC pros. Suddenly everyone knows history, data, uses of different places, the information that was previously in the realm of experts or locals. And it puts the people who use buildings and cities into the foreground for those of us who merely see the multitude of technical issues.

Slide 19. AR has the potential to:

  1. Make invisible things visible. Data, people, history, stories about a place can be tagged to it and then can be manipulated to find aggregated patterns such as in maps.
  2. AR gives power to people and paradoxically takes it away. We gain information and are drowned by it, so trusted voices and analysis become even more critical. Plus we lose control of privacy, such as in the case of London surveillance cameras.
  3. The more virtual becomes real, the less difference there is between virtual and real. If we think virtual has the same qualities as real space, we will substitute them without thinking. Right now, we are most aware of augmentation technology because it is so awkward and novel. However, in the future, they will become invisible. We will in effect internalize it.

Slide 46, 48. Three consequences that will change the way that we build cities are sensors, co-creating, and virtual/real choices.

  1. Sensors. Data from fixed sensors and from people will inform us regarding patterns of behavior, energy, etc. Will we monitor our neighbor’s green choices? Will some uses be higher taxed, like a luxury tax? Green building in particular will benefit from augmented reality, because sustainability data will become social.
  2. Co-creating. Preliminary plans will be shared by city planning departments for review. Rather than appearing in person at long, difficult meetings, people will be able to participate in city planning from the comfort of their home. Multiple suggestions may flood development decisions. If people know how much a development will cost in terms of public infrastructure, will we veto it? AEC professionals will have new skills and responsibilities.
  3. Virtual/Real Trade-offs. Stronger virtual connections make mobility optional instead of necessary. Particularly as commutes are cumbersome and expensive, travel will be by choice rather than by mandate for work. The experience becomes paramount.

Since we build cities based on plans about 10-20 years ahead, we need to stay involved in how augmented reality influences behavior and how people view cities. Some cities will grasp the opportunities and shape AR while others will be left behind. 

The first part (slides 4-19) of the presentation defines AR, the second part (20-41) gives visual examples, and the third part (42-49) addresses consequences for cities, particularly for AEC professionals. Let me know if you want more explanation or have ideas about my approach.

Thanks to Martin and his colleagues for hosting this fantastic un-conference, the second in London on sustainable building. It was a delight to be a part of it. I will be writing more about AR and love to hear what people are thinking about it or using it.

 

 

 

 

Comments

  1. jbmahaffie says:

    This is great work, and you’ve made the critical “people” point related to AR. I was reminded of the video here: http://glumbert.org/media/supermarket called Supermarket 2.0, from a couple of years ago (pretty much pre-Twitter), with the idea of what if social net stuff, esp. tagging, recommending, and commenting, were out on the landscape (in this case in the supermarket). It’s offbeat and kind of fun.Looking forward to more…John

  2. Andy Marshall says:

    This is really fascinating stuff – I think that the possibilities are endless. I have just downloaded the nearestwiki app for iphone and am amazed at just the basic idea! Imagine this – being able to put geolocated images of long lost loved ones back into the places they once inhabited – creepy?Great stuff – thanks

  3. Cindy Frewen Wuellner, phd, faia says:

    Thanks John and Andy for your ideas and generous comments! those thoughts are exactly what I hoped to generate from you. Will be writing on AR a lot more, its an expanding field and I hope we can help shape it. there will come a time when we wont leave home without it! or maybe worse – when we cant find home without it. =)best,Cindy

  4. CASUDI says:

    I am not a city planner/designer, however I am fascinated by the idea of designing from the premise of Augmented Reality (AR). Will the AR someday become more important than “real life” ? Will the same thing happen as ‘provenance’ skewing the auction price of Frank Sinatra’s Jaguar? (if anyone else’s it would have sold at auction for $15K, not $130K!)So will architects design buildings based on the things that can be written about it; more storys (layers of info) equals a better building? Admittedly, this may be a distorted extrapolation and something more mainstream will result; however I do think eventually the flavor of new cities will be influenced (for better or worse) by AR.My design partner is more cynical; he says people will ignore the AR; the same way they disregard the architecture and the buildings’ history today. I’m more positive; it’s easy, and it’s novel, especially viewed on an iphone!Great post Cindy, and FYI I am especially interested in AR.CASUDIConnect on Twine ~ Follow on Twitter!www.inclinedesign.infobuilding bridges between people – designing success

  5. jbmahaffie says:

    CASUDI and Cindy, I very much like the notion of augmenting reality with stories. That, first of all, takes the focus of augmented reality merely being about technological augmentation. An historic site is augmented by the history that happened there. The shed in my neighborhood that was part of the Underground Railroad is a shed with a story. Another shed, same vintage, while quaint, would be acceptable to tear down.So the best buildings have a story and/or a history, or they are “augmented” by the social things that they inspire. None of that is to say AR cannot also be thrilling and valuable when mediated by technology, and I still like the first thoughts this work triggered for me about how AR technology can and should do more than add information, it can add the social.John

  6. Cindy Frewen Wuellner, phd, faia says:

    Casudi and John – and Andy too, this is your area of expertise: I agree wholeheartedly. Augmented reality brings buildings and cities into the realm of social media, which is fueled by stories and relationships. It potentially makes cities meaningful to each person, customized. Heritage stories like your local cabin, John, from the Underground Railroad will be extremely popular, I think. The routes can be mapped and stories added by various sources. Anyone in the area will know these stories, currently buried in publications or known by long-time locals only. The stories link directly to the place. It’s magical really.Every block has a story – of ecology like where the glaciers ended, or what dinosaurs or sea-monsters roamed the area, to Indian tribes, to farmers, to past structures or home owners, to your own pictures and important events. We are already seeing google maps move folks photos into readily accessible montages of areas. Along with their street photo project, you can look at a city long before you’re there. Its like walking thru a movie set, pick your story. The fire down the street that killed a little boy, the developer who ripped off his investors and gave a cost break to teachers, divorces, marriages, suicides – that’s a few stories I know about my neighborhood – the boy was a classmate. I wonder, Casudi, if perhaps architects and designers will be among the first beneficiaries? What takes us days to research or perhaps a career of work on a particular city, could now be readily available to inform our designs. I have spent enormous time looking for old property maps and photos, interviewing longtime residents and property owners, before we undertood a planning or design project. Research is actually an unfair financial burden to the client, yet essential – so in the future, we could be more useful, create truly “evidence-based” decisions to support our designs, and save them money too.Over time, it could make cities be more sure of who they are, and where they came from so that we imagine better future plans. Architects and designers would overlay their design choices/stories to add to the knowledge, such as points of inspiration, turning points on the project. We might need some disclaimers… and new rules. Augmented reality and stories will be the tipping point, I think, with deeper impact than all the data we can accumulate. When it becomes easy to access and embedded in culture, it has the capacity to change who we are, and how we perceive cities. I think AR could change cities more than cars and highways did. And this time, the change is for the better. Can you hear my enthusiasm??? best,Cindy

  7. jbmahaffie says:

    Great, great, great! I think also that designers/architects/developers and others can augment by:+honoring/celebrating/promoting a story, history, etc.+creating a story, theme+adding meaning, or a framing (e.g. here is the flowing water at DCs FDR memorial)+enhancing the experience of the experiencer, adding sound, images, etc.+revealing what’s invisible, e.g. a how it works visualizationArchitects and other designers should, in all this, make damn sure they don’t dishonor, destroy or hide the story, subtract meaning or value, spoil the experience, hide the story, and other such opposites of augmentation.My colleague Jennifer Jarratt once said, as we drove past a housing development called Fox Run, “what did they do with the foxes?”. She meant, of course, they had stolen their brand from nature, and probably harmed nature in the process. That dishonors.

  8. Cindy Frewen Wuellner, phd, faia says:

    John: Thanks so much for your comments and imagination! excellent ideas!Fox Run, Jennifer chrystallized a brilliant insight, in her usual cut to the chase method. I agree, so many choices have long been buried in small meetings of elites that may not see larger issues. and yet, the legacy of development is shared and shape history. Some individual choices are honorable and need to be cheered, protected – we dont want design by committee for example (that’s another huge topic!!) However, some of these insider choices do dishonor, as you said. Naming has a long history of recognizing the disaffected, and therefore dishonoring in perpetuity. Its really a strange phenomena, where commerce and social values meet. We can do better. I think you have rightfully noted, we have to raise the bar on public expectations from our developments. these are our communities. The balance between contextual identity and individual expression or innovation is a delicate one. both are needed for great cities. Design teams’ use of many complex team members and hosting public participation during the design phases are the first steps towards transparency. Deep contextual research and daily public input may be whole new skillsets, framed through AR. This is a great conversation! Cindy

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